WHAT FUEL IS REQUIRED DURING EXERCISE? During high intensity or long endurance exercise, carbohydrate is your dominant fuel source. This is simply because fat and protein cannot be metabolised quick enough to keep up a supply of energy to meet the demands of the exercise. Within the body carbohydrate is stored as glycogen, and this …

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B Vitamins

What are they? B-vitamins are commonly used in sports supplements due to their role in supporting energy metabolism and other beneficial physiological effects such as the reduction of tiredness and fatigue or supporting the immune system. Some are more common in the diet, but others such as B12 can be deficient in certain diets for …

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What is caffeine? Caffeine is a central nervous stimulant that has been widely researched within sports nutrition and used by many athletes both professional and amateur the world over to great effect.    What are the benefits of caffeine? Caffeine doesn’t provide any additional energy in itself but during periods of high intensity exertion it …

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What is it and what does it do? L-carnitine (or acetyl L-carnitine) is a non-essential amino acid that is famed for its role in fat metabolism. Without L-Carnitine our body wouldn’t be able to use fat as fuel and we would be completely dependent on our limited glycogen stores and protein breakdown for energy, which …

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